ECHENAGUSIA ERRAZQUIN, José  [ECHENA] 
(Hondarribia, Gipuzkoa, 1844 -  Roma, 1912)
Painting. Roma


José Ignacio Luis Echenagusia was born in Hondarribia in 1844, and from a very early age
showed a great talent and interest in painting.He began his artistic training in Bilbao and in
1973 moved to Bayonne (France) to continue his studies. Driven by his vocation he arrived in
Rome, where he settled in 1876 in order to perfect his knowledge of painting. In the Italian
capital he received the influence of the Baroque of Giambattista Tiepolo, the Pre-Raphaelite
painters and Mariano Fortuny, producing academic works whose subject matter alternated between
Orientalism, Historicism and genre scenes.
Based in Rome, Echenagusia regularly took part in the National Expositions held in Madrid and
also displayed his work in several European capitals, becoming a key figure for the Basque
painters who travelled to Rome. Ignacio Zuloaga, Alejandrino Irureta, Ignacio Díaz Olano and
Alberto Arrue, among others, would attend his classes at the Chigi Academy. In 1902, having
attained great prestige in the European art world, he decided to move to the Basque Country
again, and thus be able to fulfil his commissions by the Regional Governments of Bizkaia and
Gipuzkoa, and El Sitio Society of Bilbao. Back in Rome, he would continue to work in his
studio until his death in 1912.
José Echenagusia was one of the most popular and sought after painters of his time, and this
enabled him to command high fees for his works. At the time of his death he received a number
of tributes and recognitions, especially on behalf of the Basque art world.